Windows Vista is a member in the Microsoft Windows line of operating systems developed by Microsoft for use on personal computers, including home and business desktops, laptops, tablet PCs, and media center PCs. Prior to its announcement on July 22, 2005, Windows Vista was known by its codename "Longhorn." Development was completed on November 8, 2006; over the following three months it was released in stages to computer hardware and software manufacturers, business customers, and retail channels. On January 30, 2007, it was released worldwide, and was made available for purchase and download from Microsoft's website. The release of Windows Vista came more than five years after the introduction of its predecessor, Windows XP, the longest time span between successive releases of Microsoft Windows desktop operating systems. It was succeeded by Windows 7 which was released to manufacturing on July 22, 2009, and for the general public on October 22, 2009.
|Version||Processor||Memory||Hard drive capacity||Video card|
|Windows Vista||800 MHz||1 GHz||512 MB of system memory||512 MB of system memory||20 GB hard drive with at least 15 GB of available space||40 GB hard drive with at least 15 GB of available space||32 MB of graphics memory (but works in Super VGA)||Support for DirectX 9 graphics and 32-128MB of graphics memory|
There were four editions of Windows Vista released:
- Home Basic: the least expensive and contained the minimal feature set.
- Home Premium: when compared to basic, provides Windows Aero, tablet support, multiple monitors, a few games, and DVD/Movie creation functionality.
- Business: when compared to basic, provides Windows Aero, tablet support, multiple monitors, backup functionality, fax and scan capabilities, and remote desktop access.
- Ultimate: Contains features of both premium and business, as well as adding BitLocker Drive Encryption and a few extras for Windows Ultimate.
Development and History to Date
Differences Compared to Windows XP
<Placeholder for when Windows Vista Ships>
|Windows Vista Build List|
|Windows Vista Build List: 4029 | 4053 | 4074 | 5048 | 5112 | 5219|
Longhorn has now shifted from the Windows XP codebase, to the Windows Server 2003 codebase, much like they did with Windows XP x64 Edition. The 4000-Series Builds have all been scrapped, and so did most of the features associated with them, like the Sidebar, which has only now made a recent re-appearence
They shifted to the Windows Server 2003 codebase, because the Windows XP codebase was far too unstable, borne out of the fact that later builds often crashed under their own weight. Also, it is Microsoft policy that whenever a project is reorganised, the Codebase is aligned to use the latest stable version, which was, in this case, Windows Server 2003 Service Pack 1]], which in turn was borne out of the new features and functionality of Windows XP Service Pack 2.
Still Very Basic. No MS-DOS Winnt.exe setup launcher is included now. Main setup program only allows you to choose the install partition, and the computer name (Doesn't let you create, or format unformatted partitions, nor does it let you load 3rd party drivers just yet). The Install takes ages. 15-25 Minutes? That's a Joke. More like 45-60 minutes on a typical Mid-range Pentium 4 Computer.
Setup Program in 5048 does not recognise Virtual Hard Drives (Like in Virtual PC or VMWare). Compare that 4074, which did.
When you install Longhorn, it installs the Microsoft Boot Loader. It's a much more 'Interactive' version of the NT Boot Loader (NTLDR) (Although it does boot to that if you select 'Legacy Operating Systems'). If Longhorn is not set as Default in the NT Boot Loader, the Microsoft Boot Loader will not load.
Windows XP SP2 Bits
Already added are the bits we found in Windows XP Service Pack 2/Windows Server 2003 Service Pack 1. DEP makes an appearence, as does the Security Center, and Internet Explorer 6.0 SP2. DirectX 9.0c is also included, as is Beta 1 of the .NET Framework, Version 2.0.
Longhorn 5048 freezes when sound drivers attempt to install. Also, when used in Virtual PC and VMWare Workstation, the setup program cannot see Virtual Disks. What happened is that if the MBR is not already written, Windows Setup cannot see it.
Expected Minimum System Requirements
Desktop CPU Minimum Specs
- 3GHz Intel Pentium 4 530 Processor, or better
- 3GHz Intel Xeon Processor with 2MB L2 Cache
- AMD Athlon XP 1.5GHz or better
- AMD Athlon 64 3000+ or Better
- AMD Sempron
- AMD Opteron 100, 200, or 800 Processor, in either single or dual-core versions.
Mobile CPU Minimum Specs
- 1.86GHz Intel Pentium M 750 Processor, or better
- AMD Turion 64 Processor
- AMD Mobile Sempron Processor
- AMD Mobile Athlon 64 Processor
Storage Space Needed
No word, although expected to be in the realm of 3GB.
|Windows Vista Feature List|
|Windows Vista Feature List: Avalon | Indigo | Aero | WinFX | WinFS | Palladium|
WinFS is designed to be a relational SQL Database that runs on top of NTFS, that provides a way for the contents of a file to be displayed before the file is even opened. It's based on the SQL Server 2005, Codename 'Yukon' Technology.
Tier 1, just called Aero, is for DirectX 9-Based Graphics Cards sporting 32MB of RAM, with a minimum resolution of 1024x768 needed. Tier 1 is based on the Low-Level API's in Longhorn's Avalon Subsystem
"Aero Glass will provide a beautiful experience with transition animations. Window frames will be a bit blurry and translucent, making text easier to read. Transparencies and animations will be hallmarks of the Aero Glass user experience, with more modern, high-quality visualizations than with Aero."
One Goal of Windows Vista is to restart less often due to code patching. The new Patching Model aims to lessen needed reboots by 70%. Drivers, for example, will not require a restart. However, core Kernel code will require a reboot, to replace needed files.
Windows Vista is scheduled to include built-in API's for Antivirus Applications
Windows Defender (formerly Microsoft AntiSpyware) is expected to be included with Vista (Codename Longhorn).
More Managed Caching System
32-Bit or 64-Bit?
It looks like that for all versions, apart for the Starter Edition, will be made available in both 32-Bit and 64-Bit Versions.