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Microsoft is an American multinational computer technology corporation based in Redmond, Washington. Bill Gates and Paul Allen founded the company in Albuquerque, New Mexico on April 4, 1975 after Gates went on leave from Harvard University. Micro Instrumentation and Telemetry Systems (MITS), the company that created the Altair 8800 microcomputer, was based in Albuquerque. Gates visited MITS to show them his implementation of the BASIC programming language using their system. Microsoft moved its headquarters to Bellevue, Washington on January 1, 1979, and then to Redmond on February 26, 1986, where it still remains. The company's initial public offering was held on March 14, 1986. The stock, which eventually closed at US$27.75 a share, peaked at $29.25 a share shortly after the market opened for trading. At the time, Gates owned 45% of the company's 24.7 million outstanding shares, and Allen owned roughly 25% of the shares. After the offering, Gates was worth $233.9 million and Microsoft had a market capitalization of $519.777 million. Microsoft has acquired 128 companies, purchased stakes in 60 companies, and made 24 divestments. Of the companies that Microsoft has acquired, 99 were based in the United States. Microsoft has not released the financial details for most of these mergers and acquisitions.

Microsoft's first acquisition was Forethought on June 29, 1987, which was founded in 1983 and developed a presentation program that would later be known as Microsoft PowerPoint. On December 31, 1997, Microsoft acquired Hotmail for $500 million, its largest acquisition at the time, and integrated Hotmail into its MSN group of services. Hotmail, a free webmail service founded in 1996 by Jack Smith and Sabeer Bhatia, had more than 8.5 million subscribers earlier that month. Microsoft acquired Seattle-based Visio Corporation on January 7, 2000 for $1.375 billion. Visio, a software company, was founded in 1990 as Axon Corporation, and had its initial public offering in November 1995. The company developed the diagramming application software, Visio, which was integrated into Microsoft's product line as Microsoft Visio after its acquisition. On July 12, 2002, Microsoft purchased Navision for $1.33 billion. The company, which developed the technology for the Microsoft Dynamics NAV enterprise resource planning software, was integrated into Microsoft as a new division named Microsoft Business Solutions, later renamed to Microsoft Dynamics. Microsoft purchased aQuantive, an advertising company, on August 13, 2007 for $6.333 billion, Microsoft's largest acquisition. Before the acquisition, aQuantive was ranked 14th in terms of revenue among advertising agencies worldwide. aQuantive had three subsidiaries at the time of the acquisition: Avenue A/Razorfish, one of the world's largest digital agencies, Atlas Solutions, and DRIVE Performance Solutions. Microsoft acquired the Norwegian enterprise search company Fast Search & Transfer on April 25, 2008 for $1.191 billion to boost its search technology. Since Microsoft's first acquisition in 1987, it has purchased an average of six companies a year. The company has purchased more than ten companies a year since 2005, and acquired 18 firms in 2006, the most in a single year, including Onfolio, Lionhead Studios, Massive Incorporated, ProClarity, Winternals Software, and Colloquis. Microsoft has made four acquisitions worth over one billion dollars: aQuantive, Fast Search & Transfer, Navision, and Visio Corporation. Microsoft has also purchased several stakes valued more than a billion dollars. It obtained an 11.5% stake in Comcast for $1 billion, a 22.98% stake in Telewest Communications for $2.263 billion, and a 3% stake in AT&T for $5 billion. Among Microsoft's divestments, in which parts of the company are sold to another company, only Expedia, Inc. was sold for more than a billion dollars; USA Networks purchased the company on February 5, 2002 for $1.372 billion. On August 17, 2006, Microsoft acquired 7.92% of its own common stock for $20 billion.

AcquisitionsEdit

Date Company Business Country Value (USD) References
Template:dts Forethought Computer software Template:USA |- Template:dts Consumers Software Software Template:CAN $Template:nts |- Template:dts Fox Software PC database software Template:USA $Template:nts |- Template:dts Softimage Wholesale 3-D visualization software Template:CAN $Template:nts |- Template:dts Altamira Software Software Template:USA |- Template:dts NextBase Software Template:USA |- Template:dts One Tree Software Software Template:USA |- Template:dts RenderMorphics 3D graphics hardware Template:USA |- Template:dts Network Managers Systems design Template:USA |- Template:dts Blue Ribbon Soundworks Operating system products Template:USA |- Template:dts Netwise Computer software Template:USA |- Template:dts Bruce Artwick Organization Programming Template:USA |- Template:dts Vermeer Technologies Software Template:USA |- Template:dts VGA-Animation Software Div Software Template:DEU |- Template:dts Colusa Software Software Template:USA |- Template:dts Exos Video game controllers Template:USA |- Template:dts Aspect Software Engineering Computer software Template:USA $Template:nts |- Template:dts eShop Software Template:USA |- Template:dts Electric Gravity Electronic games Template:USA |- Template:dts Panorama Software Sys-On-Line Software Template:CAN |- Template:dts NetCarta Internet software Template:USA $Template:nts |- Template:dts WebTV Networks Internet service provider Template:USA $Template:nts |- Template:dts Dimension X Java-based platforms Template:USA |- Template:dts Cooper & Peters Programming Template:USA |- Template:dts LinkAge Software Internet software development Template:USA |- Template:dts VXtreme Internet video software Template:USA |- Template:dts Hotmail Internet software Template:USA $Template:nts |- Template:dts Firefly Relationship management software Template:USA $Template:nts |- Template:dts MESA Group Data sharing software Template:USA |- Template:dts Valence Research Internet software Template:USA |- Template:dts LinkExchange Internet advertising network Template:USA $Template:nts |- Template:dts FASA Interactive Computer game software Template:USA |- Template:dts CompareNet Shopping online Template:USA |- Template:dts Numinous Technologies Software Template:USA |- Template:dts Interactive Objects-Digital Web music software Template:USA |- Template:dts Jump Networks Internet service provider Template:USA |- Template:dts ShadowFactor Software Wholesale computer software Template:USA |- Template:dts Omnibrowse Internet software Template:USA |- Template:dts Sendit Application software Template:SWE $Template:nts |- Template:dts Zoomit Encryption software Template:USA |- Template:dts STNC Community software Template:UK |- Template:dts Softway Systems Computer programming Template:USA |- Template:dts Entropic Software Template:USA |- Template:dts Visio Corporation Wholesale drawing software Template:USA $Template:nts |- Template:dts Peach Networks Digital TV services Template:ISR |- Template:dts Travelscape Internet service provider Template:USA $Template:nts |- Template:dts Titus Communications Cable television Template:USA $Template:nts |- Template:dts Bungie Software Computer software Template:USA |- Template:dts NetGames Software Template:USA |- Template:dts MongoMusic Online music search engine Template:USA $Template:nts |- Template:dts Pacific Microsonics Digital audio technology Template:USA |- Template:dts Vacationspot Internet service provider Template:USA $Template:nts |- Template:dts Great Plains Software Business management software Template:USA $Template:nts |- Template:dts Intellisol International Software Template:CAN |- Template:dts NCompass Labs Internet software Template:CAN $Template:nts |- Template:dts Maximal Intelligence Software Template:ISR $Template:nts |- Template:dts Yupi Online Spanish Portal Template:USA |- Template:dts Korea Telecom Telecommunications Template:KOR $Template:nts |- Template:dts Classic Custom Vacations Travel agency Template:USA $Template:nts |- Template:dts Sales Management Systems Software Template:USA |- Template:dts Navision Software programming Template:DNK $Template:nts |- Template:dts Mobilocity Computer consulting Template:USA |- Template:dts XDegrees Security software Template:USA |- Template:dts Rare Software and video games Template:UK $Template:nts |- Template:dts Vicinity Online enterprise location Template:USA $Template:nts |- Template:dts Connectix Software Template:USA |- Template:dts DCG Internet software Template:AUS |- Template:dts PlaceWare Web conferencing Template:USA $Template:nts |- Template:dts G.A. Sullivan Information technology Template:USA |- Template:dts GeCAD Software Antivirus technology Template:flag |- Template:dts 3DO Co-High Heat Baseball Software Template:USA $Template:nts |- Template:dts Encore Bus Solutions-IP Asts IP assets Template:USA |- Template:dts ActiveViews Reporting systems Template:USA |- Template:dts Lookout Software Personal search tool Template:USA |- Template:dts GIANT Company Software Anti-spyware Template:USA |- Template:dts en'tegrate Software Template:USA |- Template:dts Groove Networks Community software Template:USA |- Template:dts MessageCast Messaging Template:USA $Template:nts |- Template:dts Tsinghua-Shenxun-Cert Asts Certain assets Template:CHN $Template:nts |- Template:dts Sybari Software Software Template:USA |- Template:dts Teleo VoIP Template:USA |- Template:dts FrontBridge Technologies Email protection Template:USA |- Template:dts Alacris Certificate management software Template:USA |- Template:dts media-streams.com Software Template:CHE |- Template:dts 5th Finger Mobile Template:AUS $Template:nts |- Template:dts UMT-Software and IP Assets Software Template:USA |- Template:dts MotionBridge Search Template:FRA $Template:nts |- Template:dts Seadragon Software Software Template:USA |- Template:dts Apptimum Software Template:USA |- Template:dts Onfolio Internet software Template:USA
Template:dts Lionhead Studios Video games Template:UK |- Template:dts AssetMetrix Enterprise software Template:CAN |- Template:dts Massive Incorporated Video game advertising Template:USA |- Template:dts Vexcel Mapping software Template:USA |- Template:dts DeepMetrix Web log analysis Template:USA |- Template:dts ProClarity Analysis software Template:USA |- Template:dts iView Multimedia Digital asset management Template:UK |- Template:dts Softricity application virtualization software Template:USA |- Template:dts Winternals Software Software Template:USA |- Template:dts Whale Communications Applications Template:USA |- Template:dts Gteko Applications Template:ISR |- Template:dts DesktopStandard Applications Template:USA |- Template:dts Colloquis Natural language software Template:USA |- Template:dts Medstory Internet search engine Template:USA |- Template:dts devBiz Business Solutions Software tools Template:USA |- Template:dts ScreenTonic Advertising and marketing Template:FRA |- Template:dts Tellme Networks Mobile phone software Template:USA |- Template:dts Engyro Information technology Template:USA |- Template:dts Stratature Application management Template:USA |- Template:dts Savvis Inc-Data Centers Networking Template:USA $Template:nts |- Template:dts AdECN Ad Exchange Template:USA |- Template:dts aQuantive Digital marketing Template:USA $Template:nts |- Template:dts Jellyfish.com Search engine Template:USA |- Template:dts Parlano Enterprise messaging software Template:USA |- Template:dts Global Care Solutions-Assets Assets Template:THA |- Template:dts HOB Business Solutions Information technology Template:DNK |- Template:dts Multimap.com Mapping Template:UK |- Template:dts Calista Technologies Software Template:USA |- Template:dts Caligari Corporation Software Template:USA |- Template:dts YaData Software Template:ISR |- Template:dts Rapt Advertising yield management software Template:USA |- Template:dts Komoku Rootkit security software Template:USA $Template:nts |- Template:dts 90 Degree Software Business intelligence software Template:CAN |- Template:dts Farecast Online search software Template:USA $Template:nts |- Template:dts Danger Mobile Internet software Template:USA $Template:nts |- Template:dts Fast Search & Transfer Enterprise search Template:NOR $Template:nts |- Template:dts Kidaro Software Template:USA |- Template:dts Quadreon Software Template:BEL |- Template:dts Navic Networks Management software Template:USA |- Template:dts Mobicomp Mobile applications Template:PRT |- Template:dts Powerset Semantic Search Template:USA |- Template:dts DATAllegro Data software Template:USA |- Template:dts Greenfield Online Search and e-commerce services Template:USA $Template:nts |- Template:dts BigPark Interactive online gaming Template:CAN |- Template:dts Interactive Supercomputing Software Template:USA |-
Template:dts Opalis Software Software Template:CAN |- Template:dts Sentillion, Inc. Identity and Access Management Software for Healthcare Template:USA |}

StakesEdit

Date Company Business Country Value (USD) References
Template:dts Santa Cruz Operation Wholesale computer software Template:USA |- Template:dts Dorling Kindersley Reference books Template:UK $Template:nts |- Template:dts Stac Electronics Data compression software Template:USA $Template:nts |- Template:dts UUNet Internet service provider Template:USA |- Template:dts Wang Laboratories Software consulting Template:USA $Template:nts |- Template:dts Individual On-line information retrieval Template:USA |- Template:dts Mobile Telecom Technologies Cellular telephones Template:USA $Template:nts |- Template:dts Helicon Publishing Electronic books Template:USA |- Template:dts SingleTrac Software Template:USA |- Template:dts WebTV Networks Internet service provider Template:USA |- Template:dts VDOnet Internet services Template:USA |- Template:dts CMGI Direct mail Template:USA $Template:nts |- Template:dts Digital Anvil Computer game software Template:USA |- Template:dts Interse Internet software Template:USA |- Template:dts Comcast Cable television Template:USA $Template:nts |- Template:dts Apple Computer Personal computers Template:USA $Template:nts |- Template:dts Progressive Networks Internet software Template:USA $Template:nts |- Template:dts Lernout & Hauspie Speech Multilingual software Template:BEL $Template:nts |- Template:dts E-Stamp Internet software Template:USA |- Template:dts General Magic Community software Template:USA $Template:nts |- Template:dts WavePhore Radio and television equipment Template:USA |- Template:dts Pluto Technologies Network and storage Template:USA |- Template:dts Qwest Communications Telecommunications Template:USA $Template:nts |- Template:dts SkyTel Communications Cellular telephones Template:USA |- Template:dts United Pan-Europe Comm NV Broadband communities Template:NLD $Template:nts |- Template:dts NTL Communications Template:UK $Template:nts |- Template:dts Banyan Software Template:USA $Template:nts |- Template:dts Dialogic Computer telephony Template:USA $Template:nts |- Template:dts Reciprocal Copyright protection Template:USA |- Template:dts TV Cabo Portugal SA Cable television Template:POR $Template:nts |- Template:dts Lernout & Hauspie Speech Multilingual software Template:BEL $Template:nts |- Template:dts Inprise Computer software Template:USA $Template:nts |- Template:dts NaviSite Internet service provider Template:USA |- Template:dts AT&T Telecommunications Template:USA $Template:nts |- Template:dts Concentric Network IP-based networks Template:USA $Template:nts |- Template:dts WebMD Web-based health information Template:USA $Template:nts |- Template:dts Tuttle Decision Systems Mortgage pricing information Template:USA |- Template:dts Rogers Communications Radio and television stations Template:CAN $Template:nts |- Template:dts Korea Thrunet Internet service provider Template:KOR $Template:nts |- Template:dts Globo Cabo Cable television Template:BRA $Template:nts |- Template:dts CommTouch Software Community security software Template:ISR $Template:nts |- Template:dts Gigamedia Internet service provider Template:TWN $Template:nts |- Template:dts Intertainer Interactive systems Template:USA $Template:nts |- Template:dts VerticalNet Management solutions Template:USA $Template:nts |- Template:dts BroadBand Office Communication Template:USA $Template:nts |- Template:dts Ecoss Computer programming Template:JPN $Template:nts |- Template:dts RealNames Internet navigation Template:USA |- Template:dts MEASAT Broadcast Network Television broadcasting Template:MYS $Template:nts |- Template:dts Best Buy Retail stores Template:USA $Template:nts |- Template:dts Telewest Communications Cable television Template:USA $Template:nts |- Template:dts Blixer Net Online telecommunications Template:ITA |- Template:dts CAIS Internet Internet access Template:USA $Template:nts |- Template:dts Corel Corporation Software Template:CAN $Template:nts |- Template:dts Chyron Corporation Digital graphics Template:USA $Template:nts |- Template:dts Audible.com Online audio retail Template:USA $Template:nts |- Template:dts Sendo Mobile handset Template:UK |- Template:dts USA Networks Television stations Template:USA |- Template:dts ByteTaxi Software Template:USA |- Template:dts OKWave On-line community site Template:JPN $Template:nts |- Template:dts Zignals Online trading Template:IRL |}

DivestituresEdit

Date Acquirer Target company Target business Acquirer country Value (INR) References
Template:dts Steven Ballmer Microsoft Wholesale computer software Template:USA $Template:nts |- Template:dts Microsoft Microsoft Wholesale computer software Template:USA $Template:nts |- Template:dts Microsoft Microsoft Wholesale computer software Template:USA $Template:nts |- Template:dts TCI Technology Ventures MSN Internet service provider Template:USA $Template:nts |- Template:dts Microsoft MSN Internet service provider Template:USA $Template:nts |- Template:dts Proginet TransAccess Software Template:USA $Template:nts |- Template:dts Avid Technology Softimage 3-D visualization software Template:CAN $Template:nts |- Template:dts Ticketmaster Online-CitySearch MSN Sidewalk Internet city guide Template:USA $Template:nts |- Template:dts Electronic Arts DreamWorks Interactive Computer programs Template:USA |- Template:dts Envoy Communications Sage Information Consultants Consulting Template:CAN $Template:nts |- Template:dts Jupiter Telecommunications Titus Communications Cable television Template:JPN |- Template:dts Technology Crossover Ventures Expedia, Inc. Online travel Template:USA $Template:nts |- Template:dts CNBC MSN MoneyCentral Financial information Template:USA |- Template:dts USA Networks Expedia, Inc. Online travel Template:USA $Template:nts |- Template:dts Liberty Media Chofu CATV Cable television Template:JPN $Template:nts |- Template:dts Agency.com KPE Inc-Certain Assets Template:USA |- Template:dts The Reynolds and Reynolds Company MSN Autos-Dealerpoint Business Online auto retail Template:USA |- Template:dts Perri Croshaw HWW Ltd-Women's Money Magazine Magazines Template:AUS |- Template:dts Northgate Information Solutions PWA Group Software Template:UK $Template:nts |- Template:dts The Washington Post Company Slate Online magazine Template:USA |- Template:dts Ubisoft Entertainment Microsoft Game-Sports Games Sports games Template:USA
Template:dts Microsoft Microsoft Wholesale computer software Template:USA $Template:nts |- Template:dts MacDonald Dettwiler Vexcel Canada Mapping software Template:USA |- Template:dts Microsoft Microsoft Wholesale computer software Template:USA $Template:nts |}

NotesEdit

General

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Specific

External linksEdit

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